As the compiled tsfresh package is hosted on the Python Package Index (PyPI) you can easily install it with pip
pip install tsfresh
Before boring yourself by reading the docs in detail, you can dive right into tsfresh with the following example:
We are given a data set containing robot failures as discussed in . Each robot records time series from six different sensors. For each sample denoted by a different id we are going to classify if the robot reports a failure or not. From a machine learning point of view, our goal is to classify each group of time series.
To start, we load the data into python
from tsfresh.examples.robot_execution_failures import download_robot_execution_failures, \ load_robot_execution_failures download_robot_execution_failures() timeseries, y = load_robot_execution_failures()
and end up with a pandas.DataFrame timeseries having the following shape
The first column is the DataFrame index and has no meaning here. There are six different time series (a-f) for the different sensors. The different robots are denoted by the ids column.
On the other hand,
y contains the information which robot id reported a failure and which not:
Here, for the samples with ids 1 to 5 no failure was reported.
In the following we illustrate the time series of the sample id 3 reporting no failure:
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt timeseries[timeseries['id'] == 3].plot(subplots=True, sharex=True, figsize=(10,10)) plt.show()
And for id 20 reporting a failure:
timeseries[timeseries['id'] == 21].plot(subplots=True, sharex=True, figsize=(10,10)) plt.show()
You can already see some differences by eye - but for successful machine learning we have to put these differences into numbers.
For this, tsfresh comes into place. It allows us to automatically extract over 1200 features from those six different time series for each robot.
For extracting all features, we do:
from tsfresh import extract_features extracted_features = extract_features(timeseries, column_id="id", column_sort="time")
You end up with a DataFrame extracted_features with all more than 1200 different extracted features.
We will now remove all
NaN values (that were created by feature calculators, than can not be used on the given
data, e.g. because it has too low statistics) and select only the relevant features next:
from tsfresh import select_features from tsfresh.utilities.dataframe_functions import impute impute(extracted_features) features_filtered = select_features(extracted_features, y)
Only around 300 features were classified as relevant enough.
Further, you can even perform the extraction, imputing and filtering at the same time with the
from tsfresh import extract_relevant_features features_filtered_direct = extract_relevant_features(timeseries, y, column_id='id', column_sort='time')
You can now use the features contained in the DataFrame features_filtered (which is equal to features_filtered_direct) in conjunction with y to train your classification model. Please see the robot_failure_example.ipynb Jupyter Notebook in the folder named notebook for this. In this notebook a RandomForestClassifier is trained on the extracted features.